Showing posts with label JavaScript/jQuery. Show all posts
Showing posts with label JavaScript/jQuery. Show all posts

Dec 13, 2016

Building your static site with Hugo, FlightJS, SASS and Gulp

Hugo provides a good workspace for creating layouts and content. I'm very much satisfied with the options available to customise the site. However, Hugo does not have a say in how CSS and JavaScript should be structured so that it can be included on our site. In Hugo, the DOM nodes are already created and we need a mechanism which we can employ in adding event listeners to these DOM nodes.

SPA frameworks like Angular and React, create DOM nodes and define event listeners in the controller of the component. To attach event listeners to an existing DOM tree I came across a JavaScript framework called FlightJS. It's a framework created by folks at Twitter that helps in adding behaviour to the DOM nodes. It's a minimal framework which does not dictate how the DOM nodes should be rendered nor it dictates the other aspects of the web application, such as routing, request/response handling, structuring data so that other components can consume it etc. FlightJS provides only a mechanism that enables us to add behaviour to the existing DOM nodes.

Feb 17, 2016

Learning ES6 - Arrow functions and the visibility of this and arguments scope in it

Last week I looked at the use of let and const keywords in ES6. This week I have been looking at Arrow function expressions, which enable you to create functions without using the function keyword. They provide a shorter syntax to represent a function. I assumed that arrow functions only provide syntax sugar and all function expressions can be replaced with the new syntax. However, the scopes - this and arguments refers to the enclosing scope and not that of the caller.

Feb 11, 2016

Learning ES6 - using let, const and Temporal Dead Zone

I've finally started to learn EcmaScript 6 (ES2015) and thought it would be good to start writing about it as I learn. There are a bunch of features in ES6 and a good place to start would be to learn the use of let and const. I haven't deep dived into all the features yet, but I eventually will. This post is about the use of let and const keywords to create variables. I'm a big fan var scope, but I think I'm going to abdicate var scoped variables in favor of let and const.

Jul 1, 2015

On choosing Material Design for Angular over UI Bootstrap

There are many UI frameworks out there - Bootstrap, Foundation, Semantic UI etc. I have used Bootstrap in the past, however I'm very much inclined towards using Material Design for Angular. There are many good reasons to use Material Design over Bootstrap or any other framework that you might consider.

May 28, 2015

Improvising Angular + Require template

Sometime back I wrote a post on using Angular and Require to create a project template. The idea was to make the application more modular and broken down into multiple components that can be easily reused. I have made some more modifications to the template, especially the naming conventions used for files and minor changes to the structure of the project.

Mar 24, 2015

Angular + Require project template

I've been working on an Angular project for good number months. There's a lot that I've learned and I've realized that the code I wrote could have been structured in a better way. I wanted to write this post sometime back, however I thought it would be better to create an application structure first and then post my learnings. I have posted all the code on github here - The template is still a work in progress, however the basic structure of the template is in place.

Aug 19, 2014

Lazy loading AngularJS components using Providers

I've been working on an Angular project for sometime now and I usually run across issues when building the application. In most of the example applications that I've seen, all application script files are loaded upfront i.e. all JavaScript files are loaded when the user accesses application. I get annoyed by this approach; why should all the components be loaded upfront when the probability of user accessing the entire application is very less. How does one architect a multi-page application using Angular? What would be the size of the application after minifying all the JavaScript files. Most importantly how does one load the components lazily. I've used RequireJS in my previous projects and it allows you to load components on demand; the idea is to load components based on the selected route. I've tried a similar approach with Angular using 'resolve' property in the $routeProvider.

Jun 30, 2014

AngularJS - Resolving data services before instantiating the Controller and Template

I have been working on an Angular application for sometime now and I have started to like this approach to client-side development. It's a different approach when compared to developing applications using Backbone and Require. I was looking at routing in Angular and came across the 'resolve' property which can be used to resolve services before instantiating the Controller and it's corresponding template i.e. the domain models that are required for the View components are resolved first.

Jun 29, 2014

My second book - 'Kendo UI Cookbook' released!!

The title says it all. My second book titled 'Kendo UI Cookbook' was released last week. I have written over 50 recipes focusing on the Kendo UI application framework, widgets and data visualization components.

Here's the link from where you can buy the book -

Apr 29, 2014

On using PageJS as a Router and handling page refresh with pushState enabled

I have been looking at PageJS as a Routing solution for my Backbone applications. PageJS allows you to specify multiple callback functions for a particular route and creates a context object based on the current state of the application. The context object contains valuable information that can be used in constructing View components and in triggering business work flows.

Jan 23, 2014

More on MVVM with Backbone Stickit plugin

In my last post, I mentioned about two way binding a.k.a MVVM in Backbone using Backbone.Stickit plugin. The Stickit plugin does provide awesome two way binding, but in addition it includes several features that are very much apt when modifying state of model or the view. I've been using these features in my project regularly.

Nov 11, 2013

MVVM in BackboneJS using Backbone.Stickit

I have been looking into various design patterns and trying to architect client side applications using it. More often than not the MVC pattern fits the requirement in most of the applications. However, I have found myself using MVVM (Model View - View Model) pattern along with MVC. I use MVVM pattern particularly when I have to maintain the state of the model on the client side. AngularJS provides great support by allowing you to extend the markup and tying the model right within the view (the markup). It also provides components that can be used to structure the application the MVC way and hence it's appropriately termed as MVW or MV* framework. However, I use BackboneJS in most of my applications and I have been able to maintain the state of the model using the Backbone.Stickit plugin.

Jun 25, 2013

Backbone Collections do not emit 'reset' event after fetch

I recently upgraded my Backbone application to the 1.0 version of the library. When I ran the application, the Backbone View was not rendering anything on the browser screen. I noticed the XHR request being sent in the Network tab of Chrome Dev Tools. This meant that the Collection was fetching the data from the server. However, the 'render' function defined in Backbone View was not being called, which was attached as a callback handler for the 'reset' event on the Collection.

Jan 25, 2013

Adding beforeRender and afterRender functions to a Backbone View

I was working on a Backbone application that updated the DOM when a response was received from the server. In a Backbone View, the initialize method would perform some operations and then call the render method to update the view. This worked fine, however there was scenario where in I wanted to perform some tasks before and after rendering the view. This can be considered as firing an event before and after the function had completed its execution. I found a very simple way to do this with Underscore's wrap method.

Jan 22, 2013

Some useful Underscore methods

I like jQuery and I use it in all my projects. Lately I've been looking into Design Patterns and Backbone framework. Backbone has a dependency on Underscore and more often than not, people use Underscore as a client-side templating engine when using Backbone. I was looking at the Underscore documentation and came across a bunch of useful methods.

Dec 17, 2012

Applying MVC to your frontend application using Require and Backbone

I've been looking into BackboneJS for quite sometime now and thought it would interesting to build an application using the MVC pattern. Although Backbone provides various components - Models, Collections, Routers and Views; it doesn't provide a framework that can help you to structure the application using these components. While working on this application, I realized that I can separate these components in such a way that they can be made reusable or rather loosely coupled by defining the components in separate files. However, there was an interesting problem that I came across where the Views had a dependency on the Collections to be loaded first and then render the template data. I had read a little about RequireJS that allowed modules to be loaded asynchronously and also in resolving dependency. Thought I would give it a try and see whether it addresses this problem.

Nov 14, 2012

Using Routers in Backbone.js

After taking a break for a few days and then joining my new employer, I'm writing this long pending post on Routers in Backbone. A Router can be considered as a Controller in a MVC application. Controller in any MVC application defines how the incoming request should be handled. For example, a Servlet in a J2EE application accepts the request and looks into the configuration and delegates the request to one of the handlers.

Oct 17, 2012

Backbone.js - Creating a RESTful CRUD application

I've been trying to build a CRUD application using Backbone.js and was able to retrieve a set of records into a collection using the fetch method. To perform other operations i.e. Create, Update and Delete I could always invoke Backbone.sync but I was exploring on the lines where this is performed implicitly. The fetch method sends an implicit GET request on url specified in the Collection, similarly I was looking for other methods that allow you to send POST, PUT and DELETE requests to the url. While I was building this application, I did come across a condition where Backbone was not sending a request. I was finally able to figure out as to why that happened and then it was a simple fix in my Backbone application as well as in the REST service.

Oct 12, 2012

Backbone.js - Parsing the response from the server

From past few weeks, I've been learning Backbone.js in great detail and I think it's a great framework that helps you modularize your code easily. Last week I wrote about 'Model validation in constructor' and then started to look at Collections in Backbone. The Model objects can be viewed as table rows and the Collection as a table. A Collection can declare the model property and indicate what kind of data it will hold. I was looking into ways in which a Collection can be populated by fetching the model data from the server. One way to do that is to ask the Model to fetch the data and then add the response to the Collection. The other way of doing this is to fetch the Collection data directly from the server i.e. instead of defining a Model you create a Collection by fetching the data from the server. Usually when you send a request to the server, the response data is essentially a collection of objects. In this case you really don't need a Model to be defined.

Oct 5, 2012

Backbone.js - Model validation in constructor

I've started to look at various Design Patterns in JavaScript and one of most popular Design Patterns in any language is the MVC Pattern. In JavaScript, there are various libraries out there which helps in modularizing the application. However, I've heard a lot about Backbone.js and I thought this would be the right time to give it a try. I've not learnt Backbone completely, but I've gained a good understanding of the Model part of the MVC in Backbone.