Skip to main content


What is IMAP?
IMAP stands for Internet Message Access Protocol. IMAP is one of the two most prevalent Internet standard protocols for e-mail retrieval, the other being the Post Office Protocol (POP). Virtually all modern e-mail clients and mail servers support both protocols as a means of transferring e-mail messages from a server.

An IMAP connection is a live connection to the server. If folders are created, they exist on your account on the server. If messages are moved or deleted, then they are moved or deleted on the server.
With POP3, your mail is saved in a mailbox on the remote server until you check your mail. When you check your mail, all of the mail is immediately downloaded to your computer and is no longer maintained on the server.
IMAP can be thought of as a remote file server, while POP3 can be thought of as a “store-and-forward” service. Ultimately they both accomplish similar tasks but often one will suit your needs better than the other.

With CFIMAP tag one can manage mails on an IMAP server.


attachmentpath = “string”
connection = “string”
folder = “string”
generateuniquefilenames = “yes|no”
maxrows = “integer”
messagenumber =”integer”
name = “string”
newfolder = “string”
password = “string”
port = “integer”
recurse = “true|false”
secure = “yes|no”
server = “IMAP server address”
startrow = “integer”
secure = “yes|no”
stoponerror = “true|false”
uid = “integer or comma-delimited list of integers”
username = “SMTP user ID” />


The below example demonstrates how one can retrieve mail from Gmail using CFIMAP. To do this one needs to enable IMAP in Gmail. Please follow these steps:

  • Login to Gmail with your credentials.
  • Click on the settings link.
  • Click on Select forwarding and POP/IMAP.
  • Here in the IMAP access section click on enable IMAP.

This is it and you are ready to try CFIMAP.
First open a connection with the server, this can be done by specifying server details with action="open".

server = “”
username = “yourusername”
password = “yourpassword”
connection = “gmailconnection” />

Please note Gmail uses SSL therefore one needs to specify secure="yes". This may vary with other email providers.
Now once the connection is available you can use the connection variable in subsequent calls. To retrieve say all the mails from the INBOX one can use CFIMAP tag with action="getAll".

connection = “gmailconnection”
name = "mails" />

Please note one can omit the step of creating an open connection and directly CFIMAP action="getAll" to retrieve mails by specifying various connection details in the same tag.
Now if one needs to close a connection and ensure that the connection is not available in the subsequent calls then use CFIMAP with action="close":

connection = “gmailconnection” />


  1. Excellent thank you! Been looking for this solution.


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

Custom validation messages for HTML5 Input elements using the constraint validation API

HTML5 has introduced several input types such as EMAIL, URL, RANGE, SEARCH, DATE, TIME, etc,. Most of the modern browsers have implemented them and are ready to be used in a HTML document. Another exciting feature introduced in HTML5 is the form validation. Instead of writing JavaScript to validate users input, browsers can now validate it and show an appropriate message if the validation fails. The validation message is shown in line with the field for which the validation has failed. The default error message is shown when the validation fails. In this post I'll explain how these error messages can be changed.

De-obfuscating javascript code in Chrome Developer Tools

I had blogged about JavaScript debugging with Chrome Developer Tools some time back, wherein I have explained how these developer tools can help in debugging javascript code. Today Google Chrome 12 was released and my Chrome browser was updated to this version. As with every release, there have been some improvements made on performance, usability etc,. One feature that stood out for me is the ability to De-obfuscate the javascript code.

What is Minification?

Minification is the process of removing unnecessary characters such as white spaces, comments, new lines from the source code. These otherwise would be added to make the code more readable. Minifying the source code helps in reducing the file size and thereby reducing the time taken to download the file. This is the reason why most of the popular javascript libraries such as jQuery are minified. A minified jQuery file is of 31 KB in size where as an uncompressed one is about 229 KB. Unfortunately, debugging minified javascript file…

Adding beforeRender and afterRender functions to a Backbone View

I was working on a Backbone application that updated the DOM when a response was received from the server. In a Backbone View, the initialize method would perform some operations and then call the render method to update the view. This worked fine, however there was scenario where in I wanted to perform some tasks before and after rendering the view. This can be considered as firing an event before and after the function had completed its execution. I found a very simple way to do this with Underscore's wrap method.